Industrial Reserve Army | Nouriel Roubini | Joseph Stiglitz

Industrial Reserve Army | Nouriel Roubini | Joseph Stiglitz

In the last few decades, the economic climate has shifted dramatically. Globalisation has created an Industrial Reserve Army of millions.

Sir Mervyn King “I think, in emerging market economies, an overwhelming majority vote in favour of what has happened because almost everyone is better off than they were, and would have been. But that’s less evident in the industrialised world where many lower paid people have become even lower paid relative to those who have prospered, and that is a concern.”

Profit-Driven Capitalism | Victorian Working Conditions | John Micklethwait | Slavoj Zizek

Profit-Driven Capitalism | Victorian Working Conditions | John Micklethwait | Slavoj Zizek

Marx was certain Capitalism was sure to fail as oppressed workers would rise up and overthrow the profit-driven Victorian system.

Marx was wrong. He thought it would all get so bad the workers would overthrow the system. Yet even as he was writing, reformers were beginning to get rid of the worst employment practices. Capitalism got kinder, not nastier. But the idea that the competing interests of bosses and workers would cause crises, well, that does seem relevant today.

Karl Marx | The Father of Communism | Masters of Money

Karl Marx | The Father of Communism | Masters of Money

Despite being considered the Father of Communism, Karl Marx devoted a lot of his writings to Capitalism.

For Marx, there’s no turning back. He thought there were laws of motion running through human history. Capitalism would produce bigger and bigger crises and then it would collapse. And he believed that the force driving us to this final collapse was the same one that built our world in the first place – the power of money.

Rebalancing the Global Economy | All in it Together | German Automotive Industry

Rebalancing the Global Economy | All in it Together | German Automotive Industry

After his death in 1946, John Maynard Keynes left a legacy that changed the world and our understanding of the nature of rebalancing the global economy.

More than anyone, Keynes paved the way for activist government. He said we could and should make the world economy work better. The generation that rebuilt the global economy after the war really were children of Keynes.

New Deal | Great Depression | Hoover Dam | John Maynard Keynes

New Deal | Great Depression | Hoover Dam | John Maynard Keynes

At the time of the Great Depression, in the so-called New Deal, the Hoover Dam was the largest construction project on the planet. Hoover City was just one of the results.

Hoover Dam might have helped the local area, but it’s actually a myth that the New Deal ended the Great Depression. It took a world war and all the extra government spending that went with that, finally, to bring the economy out of the doldrums.

Herd Psychology | Money Markets | John Maynard Keynes

Herd Psychology | Money Markets | John Maynard Keynes

John Maynard Keynes adopted the term herd psychology to explain the irrational behaviour of investors and banks in the boom leading to the ineevitable bust.

Keynes suggested the government should hire people to demolish South London and then rebuild it. He wasn’t serious, but he was making a serious point. If the government borrowed to create jobs, people would spend more, confidence would rise, and the economy would recover. If you picked the right moment, he insisted the extra spending would pay for itself by producing higher tax revenues.

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