The Moghul Empire was ruled peacefully by Shah Jahan, but his son Aurangzeb was a very different breed of Muslim.
The temptation to shut people up, to ban things, is irresistible. Aurangzeb plunged India into a 26-year battle to destroy any rivals in the Hindu South. He built the most extensive empire so far in Indian history.
The rebellion over colonial taxes would, after many years of war, give rise to American Independence and the creation of The United States.
In 1773, what would become the United States of America consisted of 13 British colonies. People here thought of themselves as British, and they were ruled by courts using British laws, suffused by British Enlightenment ideas of liberty.
Andrew Marr narrates a fascinating story of revolution and power, science and enlightenment in his History of the World.
Their influence around the world would be huge. Not always for the good, and certainly not quite what they expected. And so the age of Reason, so calm, so cool, would become the hot and bloody Age of Revolution.
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