Mitochondrial DNA allows every modern person to be traced back to one woman in on tribe in Africa. A Mitochondrial Eve.
Criss-crossing Africa over tens of thousands of years, dealing with the changing climate and animals rather bigger and faster than they were, people learned the essentials of survival – language, clothing and cooked food… And, above all, working together to stay alive.
The Moghul Empire was ruled peacefully by Shah Jahan, but his son Aurangzeb was a very different breed of Muslim.
The temptation to shut people up, to ban things, is irresistible. Aurangzeb plunged India into a 26-year battle to destroy any rivals in the Hindu South. He built the most extensive empire so far in Indian history.
The rebellion over colonial taxes would, after many years of war, give rise to American Independence and the creation of The United States.
In 1773, what would become the United States of America consisted of 13 British colonies. People here thought of themselves as British, and they were ruled by courts using British laws, suffused by British Enlightenment ideas of liberty.
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