America was thrown into Civil War when the southern States formed the Confederacy to protect their slave labour system. Abraham Lincoln believed that slavery was wrong.

America was thrown into Civil War when the southern States formed the Confederacy to protect their slave labour system. Abraham Lincoln believed that slavery was wrong.

Abraham Lincoln prevailed over the American South, during the Civil War, by abolishing slavery thereby crippling the Confederate economy.

Freed of its slave economy, the United States rushed to modernise. For the first time, Americans began to impose themselves around the world. Already, they were looking West, across the Pacific.

Britain needed the tea trade from China. But, China didn’t need to trade, until the British managed to tap into the opium market

Britain needed the tea trade from China. But, China didn’t need to trade, until the British managed to tap into the opium market

When China confiscated Britain’s opium, it had been trading for tea, the first ironclad battleship was sent in to deal with the problem.

China had been forced at gunpoint to open herself up to the modern global economy. The message was clear – industrialisation could transform a tiny country like Britain into a world superpower.

Africa was a continent with great mineral riches and after the exploration of Henry Morton Stanley, King Leopold II of Belgium saw this as the perfect colony for his Empire.

Africa was a continent with great mineral riches and after the exploration of Henry Morton Stanley, King Leopold II of Belgium saw this as the perfect colony for his Empire.

After Henry Morton Stanley discovered Africa, King Leopold II of Belgium was quick to recognise the potential of it’s vast resources.

The worst excesses of the Belgian Congo ended after a campaign by Christian groups, by newspapers and outraged individuals, which was really the first ever international human rights campaign.

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